- A dictionary of medical eponyms

Emil Pfeiffer

Born  1846
Died  1921

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German paediatrician and balneologist, born March 1, 1846, Wiesbaden; died July 13, 1921, Wiesbaden.

Biography of Emil Pfeiffer

Emil Pfeiffer was born in Wiesbaden and studied medicine at the universities of Bonn, Würzburg, and Berlin, where he received his doctorate in 1869. He returned to his native city and settled as a physician. It was largely due to his contributions that Wiesbaden soon enjoyed the reputation of a health resort.

Emil Pfeiffer is considered one of the most important of German balneologists. He concerned himself very thoroughly and scientifically with the therapeutic qualities of various mineral waters, particularly those found in his native city. He also worked as a paediatrician, and in this field worked for the establishment of homes for children and day nurseries.

Pfeiffer also worked on gout and its therapy, with immunisation against smallpox through vaccination and variolation and described the glandular fever which bears his name.

We thank Søren Nørby, Denmark, for information submitted.


  • Die Trinkkur in Wiesbaden. Wiesbaden, 1881; 2nd edition, 1893.
  • Über Pflegekinder und Säuglingskrippen. Wiesbaden, 1884.
  • Über Vaccine und Variola. Wiesbaden 1884.
  • Wiesbaden als Curort. Wiesbaden, 1887; 6th editiion, 1902.
    Translated into English, French, and Russian.
  • Die Analyse der Milch. Wiesbaden, 1887.
  • Das Mineralwasser von Fachingen.
    Wiesbaden, 1887; 8th edition, 1910; translated into English.
  • Die Gicht und ihre erfolgreiche Behandlung.
    Wiesbaden, 1890; 2nd edition, 1891.
  • Das Mineralwasser von Namedy. Wiesbaden, 1909.
  • Die Badekur in Wiesbaden. Wiesbaden, 1919. Emil Pfeiffer was the publisher of:
  • Balneologische Studien über Wiesbaden. Wiesbaden, 1883; 2nd edition 1909.
  • Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft für Kinderheilkunde. Wiesbaden, 1890-1906.

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