Biography of Jules Tinel
Jules Tinel was born to a family with a five generation tradition in medicine. He began his studies in Rouen, but moved to Paris, becoming an interne in 1906. His teachers were some of the greatest names in French medicine at the beginning of the twentieth century, including Charles Emile Troisier (1844-1919), Joseph Jules Dejerine (1849-1917), Louis Théophile Joseph Landouzy (1845-1917) and Arnold Netter (1855-1936). Netter introduced him to the importance of infective organisms, and pathological anatomy, but it was Dejerine who made him decide to become a neurologist. He obtained his medical doctorate in 1910. He then had a fine career, becoming chef de clinique in 1911 and chief of the laboratory at the Salpêtrière in 1913. During World War I he served as head of the neurological centre at Mans.
After the war Tinel worked on the psychosomatic aspects of medicine. From 1922 to 1936 he was a physician at La Rochefoucauld. He then worked at Beaujon until 1940. He took an active part in the French resistance and was imprisoned. His son Jacques was killed by the Nazis in the death camp of Dora in Neuhausen. When he retired in 1945 he worked in the Boucicaut hospital. He died of heart failure in 1952.